Choosing to home school

What drives the decision to home school for families with children with learning difficulties?


Salvesen Mindroom Centre is dedicated to supporting, informing and empowering all those living with learning difficulties. When we began our charitable work in 2000, we identified that there are at least five children with some form of learning difficulty in every school class in Scotland.

Salvesen Mindroom Centre has many years of experience supporting the parents and carers of children with learning difficulties. More recently, we have also been working directly with children and young people themselves. From that extensive experience we can identify lots of challenges for families living with learning difficulties. Something that we have noticed occurring more and more often is families opting for homeschooling as an alternative to an unsatisfactory provision in the formal Scottish school system.

The law does allow for education at home – education ‘by other means’ according to the legislation – and some families make a positive choice to home educate their children. The Scottish Government acknowledges that we don’t have the statistics to know how many children are being educated at home (1), far less the reasons behind the decision. A survey undertaken by a private Facebook Forum in 2018 received 329 responses, finding that positive choice was an important factor but that ‘disability, chronic illness, unmet support needs- especially severe school anxiety and ASD’ were ‘key drivers’(2)

In our experience, unmet support needs are indeed a frequent catalyst for families removing their child from school. We have observed this in situations where, for example:

  • There are frequent suspensions or exclusions – linked to regular calls to parents throughout the school day regarding “challenging behaviour”.
  • There’s a lack of understanding and/or implementation of strategies to support a pupil – this may be due to lack of staffing or resources within the individual school.
  • Reasonable adjustments not being consistently implemented.
  • Bullying has not been effectively addressed.
  • Parents feel the school is not challenging their child enough academically or academic progress is too slow.

We would usually hope that children who come out of school education for negative rather than positive reasons can return in due course, but the lack of data means that we cannot be sure of the outcomes. It is also a massive commitment for a family to home educate, impacting on jobs, siblings and the whole of family life. When taken for the best of reasons, this can be a great decision for families, but when taken in desperation it risks benefitting no-one and reflects really badly on our education system.

  1. https://www.parliament.scot/S5_Education/Inquiries/20190515In_ltr_froim_DFM_re_asn.pdf (Accessed 10/01/20). There is a petition currently in the Scottish Parliament seeking regulation of home education – http://bit.ly/35KjnCV (Accessed on 10/01/20).
  2. http://bit.ly/2TaxcrV (Accessed on 10/01/20).

Dr Dinah Aitken: Deputy Head of Direct Help & Support
Sarah McClarey: Family Outreach Specialist More about Salvesen Mindroom Centre http://www.mindroom.org/


Twitter: @MindroomInform, @SMRCResearch

Education is relational in nature; it is a caring profession

Barnardo’s Scotland Policy Lead for Mental Health and Wellbeing, Nicki Lawrence, and Assistant Director for Attainment Maureen McAteer, set out why the use of Professional Supervision in Education is an important component of supporting the mental health and wellbeing of Education staff.

As schools start to wind up for the Christmas holidays, Barnardo’s Scotland Policy Lead for Mental Health and Wellbeing, Nicki Lawrence, and Assistant Director for Attainment Maureen McAteer, set out why the use of Professional Supervision in Education is an important component of supporting the mental health and wellbeing of Education staff.


Education is relational in nature; it is a caring profession and all professionals who work in schools want to do what’s best for pupils.

The idea that all behaviour is communication has permeated widely across the Education profession in Scotland and this is something to be welcomed. An increased understanding of the impact of childhood adversity and the need for a trauma-informed and responsive workforce are all welcome developments. Education staff are now more aware than ever of the crucial importance of relationships in helping children learn and thrive in school.

However, here at Barnardo’s Scotland we know from our work with children, young people and families that investing fully in children’s lives can be emotionally and psychologically draining, as well as uplifting and fulfilling when things are going well. Working in a relational way has a significant impact on staff.

We are currently working in partnership with over 400 schools in Scotland, across 13 Local Authority areas, and where we have Family Support Workers attached to schools they are noticing that Education staff are lacking in the kind of structured supports available to our workers. Reflective or Professional Supervision is a requirement in other health and social care settings and we believe teachers should have access to this too.

However, Supervision is not currently a requirement in Education and many staff will not receive any form of structured support for their own health and wellbeing to enable them to continue to support their pupils, “to fill up their own cup”. That’s why we want to see Supervision in Education considered seriously in Scotland. We recently ran a survey which received over 400 responses from those working in Education – overwhelmingly respondents supported the principle of Supervision in Education as a way to support their own mental health and wellbeing, and to reflect on the impact the work has on them.

We were also delighted to co-host a roundtable on this issue in November with our colleagues at Place2Be and other key stakeholders which was chaired by Deputy First Minister and Education Secretary John Swinney MSP. We are very hopeful that progress can be made in ensuring that Education staff are getting the appropriate support for their own mental health and wellbeing – and we believe Supervision is an essential part of this.


You can read Barnardo’s Scotland’s discussion paper on the use of Supervision in Education here: barnardos.org.uk/supporting-mental-health-wellbeing-education-staff-through-professional-supervision-structures

When Nikki and Maureen joined in the discussions at our recent PINS: Health and Wellbeing at the heart of the educational experience event in November, a sketch artist captured their input. You can download their images by clicking on the below:


Twitter: @BarnardosScot